AlAfghani, MM and Paramita D, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Phasing-Out Regulation in Indonesia, Final Report. All rights reserved.
In EU, there is a distinction in the rules between chemicals and articles. Based on the Swedish Environmental Code53 and EU REACH (Registration Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals) regulation54, an article is defined as “an object which during production is given a special shape, surface or design which determines its function to a greater degree than does its chemical composition”(KEMI, 2014). Themanufactured goods such as electronic chips, toys, and kitchen equipment are sample of article. In this case, a plastic glanular material that is used as a raw material in the manufacturing industry is a chemical. However, if the glanular is made into an object made of plastic(e.g a plastic toy), the object is an article,thus the rules of chemicals are no longer applicable for the article (KEMI, 2014). A certain article such as an ink cartridge is considered to be a packaging of a chemical. In other cases, a chemical is not considered as part of the article/packaging but as a separate chemical product in which the rules of chemicals apply (KEMI, 2014).
53 Chapter 14 Section 2 (3)
54 Article 3 (3)